October 23, 2010

Reaching Forward, Reaching Back

In the sermon outlines of Acts it is blatantly obvious that all of these allusions reach back to prophecy or (types) in the Old Testament. The Old Testament was pointing ahead to Christ in some shape or form. The types make no sense unless they are attached in some manner to Christ, His mission and redemptive work or His resurrection. I will place the New Testament reference first and then the Old Testament reference it reaches back to.

The New Testament Fulfillment Acts 3:13-26

We see the God of our fathers, glorified his servant Jesus. The Jews delivered Him over and denied in the presence of Pilate. Instead of selecting Jesus to be released they disowned Jesus and asked for a murderer. He was put to death. They acted in ignorance having Him put to death. But the things which God announced beforehand by the mouth of all the prophets, that His Christ would suffer, He has thus fulfilled.

The Old Testament Type or Foreshadowing: Isaiah 53:4-5

The announcements of prophets from Samuel onward are too numerous to mention. I'll list the most profound in Isaiah's suffering servant: Isaiah 53:4-5-He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.

The New Testament Fulfillment: Acts 4:10-12

"It is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead, that this man stands before you healed. He is "the stone you builders rejected, which has become the capstone. Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved."

The Old Testament Type or Foreshadowing: Psalms 118:22

Primarily this points to Psalm 118:22 and "the stone which the builders rejected" has become the chief corner stone. The cornerstone is the first laid and it is the stone off which all the other stones in an edifice are based. This mention also turns up in all of the Synoptic Gospels and in a few letters/epistles. There is only one cornerstone of our faith and it is only through Christ which we are saved. The savior had come and the Jews rejected Him.

The New Testament Fulfillment: Acts 5:30-32

"The God of our fathers raised Jesus from the dead—whom you had killed by hanging him on a tree. God exalted him to his own right hand as Prince and Savior that he might give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel. We are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him."

The Old Testament Type or Foreshadowing: Deuteronomy 21:22

Israel treated Christ as nothing more than a criminal, possibly the lowest of Criminals. God on the other had exalted Him to the highest position to forgive sin. Deut 21:22 If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day he who is hanged is accursed of God...

The New Testament Fulfillment: Acts 10:36-43

God sent message to the people of Israel, telling the good news of peace through Jesus Christ. John the Baptist: baptized and preached—God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power. Jesus then went around doing good/healing all who were under the power of the devil "We are witnesses of everything he did in the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem. They killed him by hanging him on a tree, but God raised him from the dead on the third day and caused him to be seen. He was not seen by all the people, but by witnesses whom God had already chosen—by us who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead. He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one whom God appointed as judge of the living and the dead. All the prophets testify about him that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name."

The Old Testament Type or Foreshadowing: Deut 21:22, Jer 23:6, 31:34

In doing all this God foretold of what He would do and He carried it out through His Son Jesus Christ. Perfectly. Not only what was foretold but the power of God was in Jesus while he was on Earth and it moved in Him in Power and was manifested by miracles and healing. He showed that He had power over the powers of this world and the the Kingdom (at least a portion had finally arrived. The Jews response as mentioned before was to hand Him on the cross/tree. Deut 21:22 "If a man guilty of a capital offense is put to death and his body is hung on a tree..." Jer 23:6 "In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is the name by which he will be called: 'The LORD is our righteousness.' In reference to the judge of the living and the dead and forgiveness of sins..." Jer 31:34 "No longer will one teach his neighbor or his brother, saying: Know the LORD, for they will all know Me, from the least to the greatest of them"—the LORD's declaration. "For I will forgive their wrongdoing and never again remember their sin."

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